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Essay on Aatm Nirbhar Bharat in English for Students
You must have heard the famous proverb written by Greek philosopher Plato – ‘Necessity is the mother of invention’. Meaning that when the need of something become essential, you are forced to find of ways to achieve it. The proverb very well fits in the context of slumping Indian economy and the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, an initiative by the Government of India to revive it, more so in wake of the disastrous effects of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Short Essay on Aatm Nirbhar Bharat in English
Essay on Aatm Nirbhar Bharat in English 200 Words
‘Aatm Nirbhar Bharat’ is a Hindi phrase that translates to ‘Self Reliant India’, in English. As the name indicates, the term of Aatm Nirbhar Bharat signifies an India that is self reliant or self dependent, up to a greater extent. Here the context of self reliant is to factors like economy, and employment generation.
What is Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan?
Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan is a campaign ideated by the Prime Minister, Sri Narendra Modi. It was first mentioned in the May 2020 economic announcements made to neutralize the economic impacts of the pandemic.
Since then the term is in common parlance in political and bureaucratic circles. It is also interesting to note that the Prime Minister had been bringing up the term since 2014, in his speeches and conversations.
When was Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan Started?
The official announcement of Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan was made on 13th May 2020, when the country was fighting through the first phase of the pandemic. The Hon’ble Prime Minister announced an economy booster package of INR 20 Lakh crore, to tackle the effects of pandemic.
Since its announcement, several ministries have been actively pursuing the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Campaign. One year down the line, it would be too early to assess the success or failure of the campaign. It’s success depends on a number of factors like, policy formation and their implementation to the grass root level; trade negotiations with other countries, particularly USA and Europe. Let’s hope for good and watch the developments, over a period of at least five years or so.
Atma Nirbhar Bharat Essay in English 500 Words
‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat’ means ‘Self Reliant India’. The term is used in a broader context to signify an India that is economically self reliant. In envisages a vision according to which India is capable of generating employment opportunities, independent of the cross border trade.
The 5 Pillars of Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan
The Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan specifically targets the following five components –
It targets quantum jumps in economy rather than incremental changes.
It represents modern India with its growing infrastructure. It seeks to generate maximum employment in this sector, by forming adaptable and effective policies.
This relates to the technology driven system. It includes forming policies that would make more India startups to flourish in the technology domain.
4) Vibrant Demography
This aims to utilizing the resources, needs and skills of different sections of the society, owing to the large demographic diversity of India.
It seeks to fully utilize the potential of demand and supply by framing policies that expedite the demand supply chain.
The 5 Parts of Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan
The Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan targets the below given five sectors –
1) Businesses including MSMEs
Financial packages to cater the industries, businesses, labour, among others.
2) Poor including farmers.
Aims at providing direct support to the poor and farmers, post Covid.
Special financial packages and emergency working capital to the farmers through NABARD (National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development).
4) New horizons of growth
Fast track investment clearance and policy reforms in an effort towards an Aatm Nirbhar Bharat.
5) Government reforms and enabler
Relates to the ease of doing business, healthcare development; technology-driven measures, including online education.
What is The Aim of Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan?
The aim of Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan is to make India a global hub of manufacturing and services. The objective is to attract private sector investments, through long-term reforms in agriculture, businesses, defense and other sectors.
Can India become self reliant?
Yes, India can definitely become self reliant and it’s even progressive towards it. Let’s just go through the benefits of Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, achieved, since its inception. Perhaps, this would better answer the question.
Benefits of Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan
The definition of MSMEs was modified, leading to a larger participation of private businesses in several sectors.
The vision has been instrumental in leveraging the solar manufacturing sector in the country.
India’s PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) sector, from zero to half a million units a day, in just five months (March 20 to July 20), was indeed phenomenal.
In a short span of time the Indian PPE industry at INR 10,000 crore had become second largest to China.
The indigenously produced COVID-19 vaccine, named ‘Covaxin’ by Bharat Biotech, was an outcome of Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.
Rs 1.70 Lakh crore of relief package to the poor to fight the effects of Covid-19.
5 Kg of wheat distributed to 80 crore poor in three months.
3 crore farmers with agriculture loan of INR 4.22 Lakh, availed the benefits of three months loan moratorium.
Credit boost of INR 2 Lakh crore to 2.5 crore farmers under the Kisan Credit Card Scheme.
33376 Industrial Parks, estates, SEZs (Special Economic Zones) to be setup in an area of 5 lakh hectares.
India’s position in World Bank’s doing business report has increased 142 in 2014 to 63 in 2019.
Despite all the benefits reaped from Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, there is a still long way to go. Easier said than done, it would require all of India’s political and bureaucratic might, to make the benefits reach the grass-root level. But, today the country is battling with the second wave of Covid when it should actually be progressive to overcome the losses of the first. Let’s hope that this too will over soon and the progress will take over the pandemic.