Blood in the medical terms is defined as an essential body fluid which transports necessary supplements like nutrients and oxygen to the cells, and also carries away the metabolic waste generated. The trend of donating blood is becoming norn these days. Therefore, i have decided to write an essay on blood donation.

Human body need to have a minimum quantity of blood in order to carry on with the cycle of life. Every year millions are in need of blood because of losing it to an illness or accident. Unavailability of blood for such needy persons can result in a life and death situation.

Their only hope lies in someone else donating his/her blood for them, with the sole intention of saving their lives. Blood donation is therefore an act of selfless service, done with the intention of saving someone else’s life, someone who might be not known to the donor.

Find below an essay on blood donation written in English, keeping in mind the need of students as well as professionals related with the medical field.

Essay on Blood Donation In English


Blood donation is an act of selfless service done by an individual with the intention of saving someone else’s life. Every year millions are in need of Blood owing to a medical condition or an unexpected accident.

Their only hope lies in someone else, who might be complete stranger, donating his blood with intention to save their lives.  It can therefore be said by donating his blood the donor gifts life.

Need for Blood donation

A fresh supply of Blood is needed by millions every year. According to a 2016 report of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, a donation of 10.9 million units of blood was done against the requirement of 12 Million units.

India Below written do few examples of the persons need fresh blood to carry on their circle of life-

  • Women having pregnancy complications.
  • People who had suffered blood loss due to malaria or Dengue.
  • Children with anemia, due to some medical condition.
  • People who have lost their blood due to some natural or manmade accident.
  • Patients who have lost blood as a result of some major surgery.
  • Cancer patients, whose blood gets infected.

The shelf life of blood is only approximately only six weeks, therefore a regular supply of blood donated by various individuals is needed to meet the requirement of fresh blood. Although the fresh blood can be stored for six weeks, it loses its quality and may be harmful to the patient who receives it. 


Any healthy human being with an appropriate body weight ratio and no ongoing medical condition can volunteer to donate blood.  Upon your willingness to donate blood, you will be asked to fill a donor registration form, providing your useful information like address, contact number etc.

After the form is filled you will have to undergo a medical screening test, determining your blood group , blood pressure and ensuring that your blood has the necessary iron level required for donation.

All the equipments used in the complete process are sterile and are disposed after the use. For blood donation you will be made to lie down on donor’s chair or bed and blood is extracted from vein in your arm.

Post donation you will be offered refreshments. The whole process is painless and takes only about 10-15 minutes.

Only one unit (350 milliliters) of blood can be extracted from a donor, also it is recommended not to donate blood again for a period of three months after the previous donation.

It is advised to take maximum fluid intake post blood donation for 24 to 48 hours. Donating blood may result in a temporary dizziness for some, so it is advised not to drive for few hours, post blood donation.

Where can I donate?  

Any healthy individual within the age of 16 to 60 and with no ongoing medical condition can donate blood voluntarily. The donor can approach the blood banks of various hospitals and that of the Indian Medical Association.

Because of a constant demand for fresh blood, many hospitals maintain their own blood banks. Any donation in these banks is encouraged by making the procedure easy for donor, requiring minimum paper work and easy registration.

One can also approach a registered medical practitioner and express his willingness to donate blood, who will co ordinate with the concerned agency or the patient in need of fresh blood.

Many blood donation camps are also organized by various non government organizations, institutions and private companies in order to encourage people to donate blood and save life.

Many organizations have online portal where the donor can register his details and get notified when donation camps are organized.  Some of the major organizations conducting blood donation camps in India are given below-

  • Rotary Blood Bank, Delhi.
  • Indian Red Cross society, with 166 blood banks across Country.
  • Khoon Organization, operating across India.
  • Sankalp India Foundation, Karnataka.
  • BloodConnect.
  • Indian Blood donors Association.

Anyone willing to volunteer for blood donation, can get in contact with the concerned organizations and get himself registered for saving life.

World blood donor’s day

Every year on June 14, Countries around the Globe celebrate World blood donor’s day. The day is observed since 2014 to encourage people from across the World for volunteering in blood donation.

On the day various organizations across the World, reach out to people, explaining them the usefulness of blood donation.  World blood donor’s day also commemorates the birth anniversary of Karl Landsteiner, scientist who discovered the ABO blood group system.

Every Year the World blood donor’s day is given a theme, some of them are –

2018: Be there for someone else. Give blood. Share life.

2017: Give Blood. Give Now. Give often.

2016: Blood connect us all.

2015: Thank you for saving my life.

The purpose of the themes is to send a message to the donor regarding the usefulness of voluntary blood donation and the effect it has on someone in need. It tries to develop an emotional connect between the donor and the recipient.

National voluntary Blood donation day

Every year on 1st October India observes National voluntary blood donation day since 1975. Many blood donation camps across the country are organized encouraging people to volunteer for blood donation. People are also told about the usefulness of blood and its essentiality for life. 

Various programs and seminars are organized, with renowned Doctors, and people from Medical field giving lectures on the need and requirement of blood and the almost painless and short process of blood donation. Some of the main objectives of National voluntary blood donation day are-

  • To show our obligation towards those who donate blood voluntarily.
  • Maintaining the required supply of fresh blood in blood banks.
  • Encourage the donors who had donated only for relatives, to donate voluntarily.
  • Encourage the first time donors for voluntary blood donation.
  • To encourage regular blood donation.

The greatest objective of the National Voluntary Blood donation day is to save life through a selfless act of kindness done by an individual.


Blood is a vital fluid of Human body, carrying essential supplements to the cells and removing waste from them. There can be no life without blood. Millions need blood owe to some medical condition, and their only hope remains with volunteer blood donors. By donating blood you save life, with no harm done to your body or its vital organs. The blood that you donate (350 ml) usually gets regenerated within 24 to 48 hours post donation, depending on the fluid intake. Blood donation is therefore a harmless act of selfless service you must do, to save life of a complete stranger.

Other Related Essays –

By Abha

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *