The National Flag of a Nation is of much significance to its people and the Government as it symbolizes the cultural and spiritual inclinations of its people as well as the heritage of political development witnessed by the Nation and its people. I have written below an essay on Indian National Flag in English for my curious readers. Please find below an essay on Indian National Flag Significance for students.

Long Essay on Indian National Flag Significance


The Indian National Flag hold much significance in the hearts and souls of the people of India as it is the reminiscent of the decades of Nation’s struggles against the oppressions of the British Empire and also a symbol of the political development witnessed by India and her sons.

Please find below an essay on Indian National Flag Significance for my curious readers.

Following is a point wise description on the importance of the National Flag and its significance:

Indian National Flag – The Pride of the Nation

Every free country in the world has a Flag as symbol of its freedom and self governance. Indian National Flag represents the pride of its people and their self reliance in governing themselves and conveys to the world that people of India have sufficient resources and ability to fend for themselves without any external interference. The Tricolor reminds us of our deep rooted National ideology which played a significant role in the formation of the India that we know today. It also reminds us of the struggles and sacrifices made by the great freedom fighters for the cause of independence.All in all Indian National Flag remind us of our roots.

Indian Tricolor – Symbol of Unity

Prior to the advent of British Empire in India each kingdom had its own insignia but the political unity of India was still a distant dream so the idea of a single and united India was not a feasible one at that time. Many kingdoms were allowed to display their insignias but Indians were not allowed to display any Flag as their National flag. The National Flag of India was accepted by all her princely states across her length and breadth as a symbol of their unity in fighting against the oppressions of British Empire.

Reminiscent of the political developments

The Indian National Flag that we know today has evolved through many stages over decades of history of India’s struggle against the oppression of the British Empire. In a way it represents the political developments in the Nation. A brief description of some of the stages is as given below

During Swadeshi Movement

The first National Flag of India was designed and hoisted on 7th August 1906 at Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park), Calcutta now known as Kolkata during the Swadeshi movement in wake of Curzon’s ill fated decision to split Bengal.

By exiled revolutionaries

The second flag was hoisted by Madame Bhikaiji Cama and her band of exiled revolutionaries of Indian sovereignty at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart, Germany.

During the Home Rule Movement

The third National Flag was first hoisted by Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak during home rule movement sometime in 1917.It is believed to have set the stage for Indian Independence movement. The movement was organized to demand a system of self governance within the British Empire for all India.

During the AICC session of 1921

The fourth National Flag was unofficially adopted during the session of All India Congress Committee at Bezwada(Vijayawada) in 1921.It simply consisted of two horizontal strips of green and red symbolizing two major religions of India Hindu and Muslims ,with a khaki wheel superimposed on it.

Symbol of Independence Movement

It was the fore bearer of the Tricolor that we know today .Designed by Pingali Venkayya in 1916 at Machilipatnam it was formally adopted by a resolution passed in 1931 it consisted of three horizontal strips with Saffron on top, white at the centre and green at the bottom with Mahatma Gandhi’s khaki churning wheel superimposed on the white strip. The British Government threatened to penalize anyone on the display of flag, by this time the Flag has become a symbol of Independence Movement.

As a symbol of complete Parliamentary Sovereignty

The Tricolor that we know today was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22nd July 1947 few days before independence. It was designed to be acceptable to all the classes of people. It served as the flag for the dominion of India from 15th August 1947 to 26th January 1950 and to the Republic of India thereafter.

As a principle of guidance

The Indian National Flag and its design and colors have a specific meaning to be conveyed to its people and other Nations of the world. Like the color saffron in the Indian National Flag indicates courage and strength and teaches us to be courageous and brave for the good of the Country. The white strip indicates peace and tranquility. It teaches us to live in harmony with all the living beings. The last green band indicates the rich fertility of the land and inspires us to connect to our soil in a more spiritual way regarding it as a Mother, and to respect all beings that depend on her. The Ashoka Chakra is a depiction of the Dharma Chakra and symbolizes teachings of Buddha. It also represents the eternal circle of life.

As a display of National Pride and Patriotism.

The display of the National Flag on National Festivals, such as Independence Day, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti reinstates the feeling of patriotism in every Indian irrespective of to which state he belongs or to which class he is from. People buy replicas of the Tricolor on these occasions and adorn them in their house and offices with pride. The display of Indian National Flag brings back to life the memory of its struggle for freedom and the sacrifices made by our freedom fighters.


Our National Flag is our pride and symbol of a united India. It teaches us that we should live in harmony with all religions and classes respecting their values. Indian National Flag holds much importance for the people of India must be protected against any insults or damages.

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By Abha

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